Law is made either by legislatures, courts, customs or usages. Contrary to popular belief most of the law is made by courts. Judgments passed by higher courts like Supreme Court, High Court, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, etc lay down new laws or strike down or amend existing laws. In case of medical laws nearly 95% of law is made by courts.
Texts of four most important judgments that are useful to doctors in India are reproduced. These judgments can be actually put to use before various authorities and courts at appropriate time by doctors. Three judgments are of the highest court of India - Supreme Court, hence every authority in India is bound to respect and follow laws prescribed in these judgments. A bare reading of these judgments will give clear insight on what is required by law from a doctor discharging his or her professional duties.